yes, destroying m6 and above now spawns escape pods, and they are spawned as friendly race. one could say, its unmoral to kill someone who cant defend himself. so basically its like shooting sailors in the water after their ship was sunk.
so im totaly on the side of the police that trys to punish you for your babaric actions
edit: oh and yes, jump gates are very old, fragile and komplex mashines, damaging them can cause them to malefunction. which can cause all sorts of terrible things. they are incredible valueable so if some cowboy cant aim properly with his MD and blows little wholes into it, he deserves some punishment!